Stroke: 10 Preventable Risk Factors You Must Know
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According to the World Health Organization, stroke is responsible for almost 6 million deaths globally. Worldwide, this condition claims one death per every 10 seconds and every 2 seconds somebody in the world experiences stroke.
This condition is the second leading cause of death in patients older than 60 years of age and the leading cause of disability worldwide.
Stroke isn’t only an adult disease, it can also happen in children including newborns.
Stroke is most commonly seen in low and middle income countries.
Different types of stroke
There are two different of causes of stroke: obstruction of the blood flow (ischemic) and bleeding (hemorrhagic).
The majority of stroke cases are ischemic (85%) and the hemorrhagic strokes count for only 15% of all cases.
Warning signs of stroke
There are commonly seen warning signs that everybody should know about:
1) Sudden weakness of the face, arm, or leg
2) Sudden loss of eyesight
3) Difficulty to speak or understand words
4) Sudden confusion , dizziness or loss of balance
5) Sudden severe headache
To remember the signs of stroke you should know about FAST test.
Face: Can the person smile without any issues?
Arm: Can the person raise their arms? Do you notice any weakness of the arms?
Speech: Is the person able to speak clearly? Does the person follow your instructions?
Time: Act fast and call the medical emergency immediately
In this week’s podcast, I am going to discuss a study looking at 26,919 patients worldwide. This study has identified 10 modifiable risk factors which would reduce the number of strokes worldwide by almost 90% if managed properly. It means that by simply eliminating and managing these risk factors, 9 of 10 cases of stroke could disappear.
Listen to today’s podcast and send me your questions by going to TheMedCircle.com/contact.
Here is the reference to this study
Global and regional effects of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with acute stroke in 32 countries (INTERSTROKE): a case-control study. The Lancet, July 2016 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30506-2
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