Metformin, next to sulfonylureas (e.g. glipizide), is the primary treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes.
Additionally, this medication has several adverse effects that most patients don’t know. Here, I’ve a list of 25 most unpleasant metformin side effects that every patient on metformin should know.
Metformin side effects
- Acidic blood
- Belly pain
- Build up of gas in the intestine (more common)
- Chest discomfort
- Cold-like symptoms
- Diarrhea (more common)
- Flu-like symptoms (more common)
- Infection (more common)
- Low blood sugar
- Low blood vitamin B12 level
- Muscle pain
- Muscle weakness
- Nail disease
- Nausea (more common)
- Reduced ability to taste
- Runny nose
- Vomiting (more common)
The uses of metformin
Above all, metformin is a medication that lowers blood sugar, yet clinicians prescribe this medication to treat other conditions as well.
Promoting weight loss
In short, metformin is a medication that could help with losing weight.
Patients on antipsychotics are prone to gain weight; metformin could help these patients in losing weight, or at least stabilizing it.
In general, metformin could induce approximately 5% weight loss.
Prevention of type 2 diabetes
In essence, taking metformin could reduce the risk of a patient diagnosed with prediabetes (a patient who is still not meeting the criteria for type 2 diabetes) to develop diabetes.
Ordinarily, taking metformin must work in conjunction with additional lifestyle changes.
Menstrual abnormality as part of PCOS
Moreover, patients with polycystic ovarian disease or PCOS, who suffer from menstrual abnormalities, could benefit from taking metformin.
Patients with PCOS suffer from ovarian malfunction and high androgen (too much testosterone production) level. In fact, this disease (PCOS), is the most common cause of infertility in women.
Thankfully, metformin improves insulin sensitivity and reduces androgen levels and it helps with restoring the menstrual cycle.
However, metformin doesn’t help with hirsutism (male pattern growth of hair in women).
I’m planning to keep this list of metformin side effects up-to-date. Please let me know if you find out any new adverse effects you like to share.
Now is your turn. What’s your experience with metformin? Go to the comments section (down below) and tell me what you think.
I’d love to hear from you.
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