The growing body of evidence suggests that one particular component of modern diet – sugar – is a very serious contributor to the growing obesity problem.
Sugar in high amounts is very common in the modern diet, and the majority of people consume it in amounts exceeding the recommended daily limits.
High consumption of sugar is linked to the development of type 2 diabetes.
It is often assumed that overweight people are at a much higher risk of diabetes when they consume too much sugar.
A new study performed by the researchers from the University of Cambridge shows that this assumption is wrong, and that people who are slim also increase their diabetes risk by consuming too much sweet stuff.
Sugary drinks to blame for growing diabetes rates
Beverages with high sugar content are particularly to blame for the excessive sugar consumption in most people. Cambridge researchers combined the results of 17 previous studies that analyzed the connection between diabetes and diet.
They found a clear correlation between consumption of sodas and higher chances of diabetes, regardless of the actual body weight.
There are many other factors, such as advanced age and low level of physical activity that may lead to the development of diabetes. None of the 17 research papers that were analyzed in this work studied if there is a link between reduced soda consumption and reduced rates of diabetes.
Nonetheless, the findings further confirm that beverages with high sugar content are associated with the elevated risk of type 2 diabetes.
Lifestyle intervention programs for preventing diabetes normally aim at changing the diet and increasing the level of physical activity. Researchers believe that reducing or eliminating the consumption of sugary beverages must be a part of such programs.
Excessive consumption of sugary beverages is linked to the increased risk of type 2 diabetes. The risk is higher not only for overweight people, but also for people with normal body weight.
- Fumiaki Imamura, Laura O’Connor, Zheng Ye et al. Consumption of sugar sweetened beverages, artificially sweetened beverages, and fruit juice and incidence of type 2 diabetes: systematic review, meta-analysis, and estimation of population attributable fraction. BMJ 351:h3576.